Types of Editing

    NElogo

    The Four Types of Editing

    The Northwest Independent Editors Guild has defined four types of book editing.

     

    1. Developmental Editing

    Any or all of the following:
    a.) working with a writer to develop a manuscript from initial concept, outline,
    or draft (or combination of the three) through subsequent drafts
    b.) making suggestions about content, organization, and presentation,
    based on analysis of competing works, comments of expert reviewers, market analysis, and other appropriate references
    c.) rewriting, writing, and researching, as needed, and sometimes suggesting topics or providing information about topics.

    2. Substantive Editing

    Improving a manuscript in any of the following ways:
    a.) identifying and solving problems of overall clarity or accuracy reorganizing paragraphs, sections or chapters to improve the order in which the text is presented
    b.) writing or rewriting segments of text to improve readability and flow of information
    c.) revising any or all aspects of the text to improve its presentation
    d.) incorporating responses to queries and suggestions creating a new draft of the document.

    3. Copy or Line Editing

    Any or all of the following:
    a.) correcting spelling, grammar, punctuation, syntax, and word usage while preserving the meaning and voice of the original text
    b.) checking for or imposing a consistent style and format
    c.) preparing a style sheet to document style and format
    d.) reading for overall clarity and sense on behalf of the prospective audience
    e.) querying the appropriate party about apparent errors or inconsistencies
    f.) noting permissions needed to publish copyrighted material
    g.) preparing a manuscript for the next stage of the publication process
    h.) cross-checking references, art, figures, tables, equations, and other features for consistency with their mentions in the text.

    4. Proofreading

    Comparing the latest stage of text with the preceding stage, marking discrepancies in text, and, when appropriate, checking for problems in page makeup, layout, color separation, or type.
    Proofreading may also include one or more of the following:
    a.) checking proof against typesetting specifications
    b.) querying or correcting errors or inconsistencies that may have escaped an editor or writer
    c.) reading for typographical errors or for sense without reading against copy.

    You May Also Enjoy…

    Amazon Quits Accepting Reader Reviews of Unverified Book Purchases

    Amazon Quits Accepting Reader Reviews of Unverified Book Purchases

    News Flash: Last month Amazon quit accepting reader reviews for unverified purchases. You may have seen this message when you tried to upload a review of a galley or a borrowed book. "Amazon has noticed unusual reviewing activity on this product. Due to this activity,...

    BookBub Bestseller: How One Author Aced a BookBub Featured Deal

    BookBub Bestseller: How One Author Aced a BookBub Featured Deal

    Welcome D. B. Borton, serial novelist and 2021 BookBub bestseller who aced a BookBub Featured Deal. Tell us how you did it!  Q. Can you give us a brief history of your experience with BookBub? A. I had tried several times for a Featured Deal at BookBub and been...

    4 Comments

    1. Stephanie, I think my editor of over ten years does all of the above. Sandi wears many hats well (sandi@writefriend.com) and is almost like my writing partner. She makes me look good.

    2. Betty-A great editor like Sandi knows all this stuff and can do it all. You are very fortunate to have a relationship with such a professional.

    3. Two, three and four. I also sent the manuscript of both books out to beta readers, with a particular focus on having a few Texans read it to make sure it rang true and didn’t stray into Texana caricature.

    4. The list above was interesting to read while in the heat of battle. I’ve learned to consult with subject experts as I work on a new project. For my upcoming book “Amarillo Flights,” those experts were also selected as my peer reviewers, at the manuscript stage, by the publisher, which is a university press. The “peer reviewers” are the highest quality folks in the area, and excellent writers themselves. The process, from prospectus through faculty advisory committee review, peer reviews, then working with a professional copy editor are all stringent and demand quality. Now, as I review page proofs, I can see the finish line! What a marathon. I want to spend more time at the development stage for the next one. Research a bunch and get input before I leave the ground so to speak—although in my case, literally! Well, back to the page proofs. Your moderation of the panel with Griff Smith and me at TXBookFest was the best! I loved your thoughtful questions.

    Trackbacks/Pingbacks

    1. 7.29.11: Book Marketing While Writing : San Francisco Book Review - [...] Editing is also critical to your book’s success. You want to interview several editors and hold their completed books…

    Submit a Comment

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    Pin It on Pinterest

    Share This